By-elections to five state assembly constituencies in Tamil Nadu, Bargur, Thondamuthur, Ilayankudi, Cumbum, and Srivaikuntam will be held on August 18 2009 ,Three political parties are boycotting the elections including AIADMK ,MDMK and PMK. ADMK leader J. Jayalalitha cited unreliability of Electronic voting machines as the reason for the poll boycott.Tamil Nadu Congress party leader K. V. Thangabalu said that ADMK chose not to contest polls for fear of losing them.
The election was necessitated after the previous winner M. Thambidurai was elected to the Lok Sabha in 2009 election. After the initial rejection of Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam (DMDK) candidate V. Chandran's candidacy, he was accepted to contest as an independent with Murasu as a symbol, which is the symbol of DMDK. Twenty four of thirty one nominations were rejected. Accepted nominations include K. R. K. Narasimhan (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam), K. Asokan (Bharatiya Janata Party), S. Kannu (Communist Party of India), K. Padmarajan (Independent), Maheshwari Kannappan (Independent), S. Sakthivel (Rajini Fans Association) and A. Rajesh (Independent)
There are four candidated from recognised parties in contest in Thondamuthur constituency.Indian national Congress candidate M. N. Kandaswamy is contesting in Thondamuthur constituency.
Nine contestants are in fray in Ilayankudi constituency. They include three from major political parties, Suba. Mathiarasan of DMK, Azhagu. Balakrishnan of DMDK and P. M. Rajendran of BJP
11 candidates are in competition in Srivaikuntam constituency. Candidates from major politicial parties include M.B. Sudalaiyandi of Indian National Congress, G. Thanalakshmi of Communist Party of India, S. Santhana Kumar of Bharatiya Janata Party and M. Soundarapandi of Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam
15 candidates are contesting the election including four candidates representing political parties. the candidates include N. Ramakrishnan of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, M. Sasikumar of Bharatiya Janata Party, K. Rajappan of Communist Party of India (Marxist), R. Arun Kumar of Desiya Murpokku Dravidar Kazhagam and G. Ramaraj of Uzhaippali Makkal Katchi.
If the huge crowds and exuberant mood at the rallies addressed by J Jayalalithaa (Amma), 61, in the past few weeks are anything to go by, the AIADMK alliance has a clear edge as all 39 seats in Tamil Nadu go to the polls.
Electoral arithmetic too is on her side with the PMK, the MDMK, the CPI and CPI(M) — all of which have pockets of staunch support across the state — having joined her bandwagon. The AIADMK is contesting only 23 seats, sharing the rest with these allies. Major caste groups controlled by these allied parties — like the Vanniyars in the North, or the Goundars to the West — are expected to back Amma.
Most of these allied parties were with the DMK during the last Lok Sabha poll, which the alliance then swept, without yielding single seat to the AIADMK. This time the ruling DMK only has the VCK, a Dalit outfit, and the Indian Union Muslim League on its side.
The DMK is seeking votes on both the UPA’s record of performance in the past five years at the Centre and its own performance in the state, harping upon the central loan waivers and the rural employment guarantee scheme, as well as the free colour TV and cheap rice schemes it introduced at the state level.
But the quality of the rice provided has appalled consumers, who also insist that man does not live by rice alone. “What’s the use of cheap rice when the price of everything else is spiraling,” said a 40-year-old in Nagercoil, 660 km south of Chennai, unwilling to be named. The blame for the power crisis, which has led to many small units shutting down and thousands of workers being laid off, is also being heaped on the DMK government.Over it all looms the shadow of the Sri Lankan Tamil issue, and the widespread feeling — specially in the region around Rameshwaram, which is closest to Sri Lanka — that the union government, of which the DMK is a part, has just not done enough for them. Also in the fray are the BJP and actor Vijaykant’s DMDK.